NEW ORLEANS – Consuming nuts has been linked to a number of health benefits, such as reduced risk of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Now, new findings in South Korea suggest that a diet high in nuts may also reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Researchers have found a reduction in this risk for both men and women, according to results presented here today (April 18) at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Eating a serving of nuts three or more times a week appears to have a strong effect on risk, said Dr Aesun Shin, associate professor of preventive medicine at Seoul National University College of Medicine in South Korea and author of study.
In the study, a serving of nuts was considered to be 15 grams (0.5 ounces), Shin told Live Science. That’s a lower amount than what is considered a serving in the United States, she added. (One serving in the United States is equivalent to 28 g or 1 oz.)
Although the researchers included many types of nuts in their analysis, peanuts were the most consumed nuts among those in the study. This may be due to the availability of peanuts in South Korea, the researchers said. [6 foods that are good for your brain]
To examine the relationship between nut consumption and colon cancer risk, the researchers looked at 923 patients who had been diagnosed with colon cancer and compared their diets to that of 1,846 people who did not have colon cancer. colon.
Researchers found that men who reported eating three or more servings of nuts per week had a 69% lower risk of colon cancer than those who reported not eating nuts. According to the study, women who ate three or more servings had an 81% lower risk than those who did not eat nuts.
In addition, the researchers looked at several different types of colon cancer, depending on the location in the colon where the cancer is found. Eating nuts was associated with reduced risk in all of the different places the researchers looked at, Shin said.
The study didn’t prove a cause-and-effect relationship between eating nuts and having a lower risk of colon cancer, the researchers said. However, researchers have speculated that some of the compounds, including fiber and antioxidants, found in nuts can help reduce a person’s risk of colon cancer. [Top 10 foods against cancer]
Shin noted that one limitation of the study is that participants were asked to remember their own nut intake and that it is possible that they made mistakes.